As the techniques to investigate inside the brain are perfected, the relationship between Education and Neuroscience becomes closer, giving rise to new branches of knowledge such as Neuroeducation.
In fact, today Neuroeducation has ceased to be a theoretical discipline to become a practical tool that provides very valuable information to parents and teachers to educate children in a more respectful, sensitive and developmental way.
Why Is Understanding How The Child’s Brain Works So Important?
Understanding how the brain works and the stages of its development allows parents to adjust their expectations to the real capacities of the child. In this way they will not demand things for which they are not prepared. As a result, no frustration is generated.
At the same time, knowing how far the child can go allows parents to design activities that stimulate child development. This creates a stimulating and developing environment for the little one.
Understanding the keys to how the brain works also allows them to understand many of the children’s behaviors and be more sensitive to their needs, to put into practice a positive parenting that generates a secure attachment.
The Main Principles Of Neuroeducation
Neuroplasticity refers to the brain’s ability to change its structure and functioning throughout life in response to environmental stimuli. Up to the age of six, children have amazing neuroplasticity, so they can learn effortlessly, as long as they are given opportunities in a safe and positive learning environment. Thanks to neuroplasticity, we also know that a child who suffers from a certain disability or deficiency will be able to compensate for it by developing other skills.
Emotion And Cognition Go Hand In Hand
The emotional and rational areas of the brain work together, so it is a mistake to think that thinking is separate from feeling. Complex learning has been shown to be reinforced by challenges and inhibited by threats. That means that if we want children to learn, we must ensure that learning is meaningful, positive, fun, and rewarding. If you educate yourself with shouting, threats, fear and punishment, stress will be generated, which blocks the hippocampus, a structure that has a large number of receptors for stress neurotransmitters and is essential for memory. If it is taught with respect and love, this learning will be more durable in time.
Take Advantage Of Sensitive Periods Without Violating The Pace Of Development
Many parents think that accelerating the learning of certain content is beneficial for children, but in reality it is not. It has been appreciated that trying to teach math or writing to a three-year-old could even backfire. Neuroeducation shows that throughout development there are sensitive periods, stages in which the brain has reached adequate maturation and is more receptive to learning certain skills. Therefore, it is essential that parents respect the natural maturation rate of each child.
The Brain Learns In Different Ways
There is no single path to learning, just as there is no single intelligence. Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences reveals that there are different types of intelligences and that each person has a unique combination of linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, body-kinetic, musical, interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligences. There are children who learn better by listening but others need to see or apply this content. One type of learning is not better than the other, all are equally valid paths to explore. Educating a child means giving him opportunities so that he can develop his talents and intelligences to the maximum.